Clintin P. Davis-Stober
219 McAlester Hall
Tenured/Tenure Track
Lab Information
About the Lab

I study how individuals make risky choices and whether they do so in consistent, predictable ways that reveal their motivations and goals.  My lab uses the language of mathematics and statistical modeling to make these concepts precise and testable.   In collaboration with other labs, I seek to better understand decision making across many experimental and observational settings, with a particular focus on risky decisions involving alcohol and addictions.  In tandem with our empirical investigations, my lab develops and applies advanced quantitative methods to make sound statistical inferences and predictions.   This scope of work includes Bayesian cognitive modeling, order-constrained statistical inference, network modeling, and machine learning. The lab has received funding from the National Institutes for Health and the National Science Foundation.  I support transparency in science by making data, code, and related materials publicly available on established file sharing websites.

Research Interests

I conduct research within the emerging field of behavioral decision-making. My primary research topic is the development and evaluation of mathematical models of individual and group decision-making. My recent work examines how individuals integrate multiple pieces of information when making a decision and the rationality of various decision strategies. I am also interested in evaluating the performance of various decision rules in the context of the linear model.


Dr. Clintin Davis-Stober is a Professor of Psychological Sciences at the University of Missouri. He holds a Ph.D. in Quantitative Psychology and an M.S. in Mathematics from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Recent Awards

  • William K. Estes Early Career Award, Society for Mathematical Psychology
  • Provost Outstanding Junior Faculty Research and Creative Activity Award, University of Missouri
  • Distinguished Dissertation Award, American Psychological Association (APA) Division 5: Evaluation, Measurement and Statistics

Editorial Appointments

  • Associate Editor, British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology
  • Consulting Editor, Journal of Mathematical Psychology
  • Consulting Editor, Judgment and Decision Making
  • Consulting Editor, Decision
Selected Publications

Under review

Kellen, D., Steiner, M., Davis-Stober, C. P., & Pappas, N. (under review). Modeling choice paradoxes under risk: From prospect theories to sampling-based accounts.

Regenwetter, M., Smeulders, B., Davis-Stober, C. P., Fields, B., & Wang, C. (under review). Correspondence: Rational mate choice in fruit flies? A re-analysis.

Hatz, L., Park, S., McCarty, K. N., McCarthy, D. M., & Davis-Stober, C. P. (under review). Rationality of choice in monetary and sexual decision making.

In press

Davis-Stober, C. P., & Regenwetter, M. (in press). The 'paradox' of converging evidence. Psychological Review.

Rouder, J. N., Haaf, J. M., Davis-Stober, C. P., & Hilgard, J. (in press). Beyond overall effects: A Bayesian approach to finding constraints across a collection of studies in meta-analysis. Psychological Methods.

Zhao, W. J., Davis-Stober, C. P., & Bhatia, S. (in press). Optimal cue aggregation in the absence of criterion knowledge. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making.

Brusco, M. J., Steinley, D., Hoffman, M., Davis-Stober, C. P., & Wasserman, S. W. (in press). Binary graphical models for the construction of symptom "networks" in psychopathological research. Psychological Methods.

McCausland, W. J., Davis-Stober, C. P., Marley, A. A. J., Park, S., & Brown, N. (in press). Testing the random utility hypothesis directly. The Economic Journal.


Davis-Stober, C. P., McCarthy, D., Cavagnaro, D. R., Price, M., Brown, N., & Park, S. (2019). Is cognitive impairment related to violations of rationality? An alcohol intoxication study testing transitivity of preference. Decision, 6, 134-144.

Davis-Stober, C. P., McCarty, K. N., & McCarthy, D. M. (2019).  Risky decision making under alcohol intoxication: Health policy implications. Policy Insights from the Brain and Behavioral Sciences, 6, 64-71.

Segert, S., & Davis-Stober, C. P. (2019). A general approach to prior adjustment. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 91, 103-118.

Heck, D. W., & Davis-Stober, C. P. (2019). Multinomial models with linear inequality constraints: Overview and improvements of computational methods for Bayesian inference. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 91, 70-87.


Cavagnaro, D. R., & Davis-Stober, C. P. (2018). A model-based test for treatment effects with probabilistic classifications. Psychological Methods, 23, 672-689.

Davis-Stober, C. P., Dana, J., & Rouder, J. (2018). Estimation accuracy in the psychological sciences. PLoS ONE, 13, e0207239.

Davis-Stober, C. P., Doignon, J.-P., Fiorini, S., Glineur, F., & Regenwetter, M. (2018). Extended formulations for order polytopes through network flows. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 87, 1-10. *Authors ordered alphabetically.

Smeulders, B., Davis-Stober, C. P., Regenwetter, M., & Spieksma, F. C. R. (2018). Testing probabilistic models of choice using column generation. Computers & Operations Research, 95, 32-43.

Regenwetter, M., & Davis-Stober, C. P. (2018). The role of independence and stationarity in probabilistic models of binary choice. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 31, 100-114.

Brown, N., Park, S., Steinley, D., & Davis-Stober, C. P. (2018). Modeling between-subject variability in decision strategies via statistical clustering: A p-median approach. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 31, 250-264.


Kellen, D., Mata, R., & Davis-Stober, C. P. (2017). Individual classification of strong risk attitudes: An application across lottery types and age groups. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 24, 1341-1349.

Davis-Stober, C. P., Brown, N., Park, S., & Regenwetter, M. (2017). Recasting a biologically motivated computational model within a Fechnerian and random utility framework.  Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 11, 156-164.

Zhao, J. W., Bhatia, S., & Davis-Stober, C. P. (2017). Low dimensional representations in multi-cue judgment. Proceedings of the 39th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.


Marley, A. A. J., Davis-Stober, C. P., & Steingrimsson, R. (2016). Editors' forward for the special issue in honor of R. Duncan Luce. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 75, 1-2.

Davis-Stober, C. P., Park, S., Brown, N., & Regenwetter, M. (2016). Reported violations of rationality may be aggregation artifacts.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113, E4761-E4763.

Tierney, W., et al. (82 authors). (2016). Data from a pre-publication independent replication initiative examining ten moral judgement effects. Scientific Data, 3, article number: 160082.

Davis-Stober, C. P., Morey, R. D., Gretton, M., & Heathcote, A. (2016). Bayes factors for state-trace analysis. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 72, 116-129.

Schweinsburg, M., et al. (81 authors). (2016). The pipeline project: Pre-publication independent replications of a single laboratory's research pipeline. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 66, 55-67.

Dana, J., & Davis-Stober, C. P. (2016). Rational foundations for fast and frugal heuristics: An improper linear models approach. Minds and Machines, 26, 61-86.


Davis-Stober, C. P., Doignon, J.-P., & Suck, R. (2015). A note on the eigensystem of the covariance matrix of dichotomous Guttman items. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1767.

Davis-Stober, C. P., Budescu, D. V., Dana, J., & Broomell, S. B. (2015). The composition of optimally wise crowds. Decision Analysis, 12, 130-143.

Brown, N., Davis-Stober, C. P., & Regenwetter, M. (2015). From descriptive indices of intransitivity to quantitative assessments: A commentary on Kalenscher et al. (2010). Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9, 509.

Davis-Stober, C. P., Brown, N., & Cavagnaro, D. R. (2015). Individual differences in the algebraic structure of preference. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 66, 70-82.


Cavagnaro, D.R., & Davis-Stober, C. P. (2014). Transitive in our preferences, but transitive in different ways: An analysis of choice variability. Decision, 1, 102-122.

Davis-Stober, C. P., Budescu, D. V., Dana, J., & Broomell, S. B. (2014). When is a crowd wise? Decision, 1, 79-101.

Davis-Stober, C. P., & Dana, J. (2014). Comparing the accuracy of experimental estimates to guessing: A new perspective on replication and the "crisis of confidence" in psychology. Behavior Research Methods, 46, 1-14. code1, code2. Awarded a Clifford T. Morgan Best Article Award from the Psychonomic Society.

Regenwetter, M., Davis-Stober, C. P., Lim, S. H., Guo, Y., Popova, A., Zwilling, C., Cha, Y.-C., & Messner, W. (2014). QTEST: Quantitative Testing of theories of binary choice. Decision, 1, 2-34.


Davis-Stober, C. P., & Brown, N. (2013). Evaluating decision maker "type" under p-additive utility representations. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 57, 320-328.


Davis-Stober, C. P. (2012). A lexicographic semiorder polytope and probabilistic representations of choice. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 56, 86-94.

Regenwetter, M., & Davis-Stober, C. P. (2012). Choice variability versus structural inconsistency of preferences. Psychological Review, 119, 408-416.


Davis-Stober, C. P., & Brown, N. (2011). A shift in strategy or "error"? Strategy classification over multiple stochastic specifications. Judgment and Decision Making, 6, 800-813.

Davis-Stober, C. P. (2011). A geometric analysis of when fixed weighting schemes will outperform ordinary least squares. Psychometrika, 76, 650-669.

Regenwetter, M., Dana, J., Davis-Stober, C. P., & Guo, Y. (2011). Parsimonious testing of transitive or intransitive preferences: Reply to Birnbaum (2011). Psychological Review, 118, 684-688.

Regenwetter, M., Dana, J., & Davis-Stober, C. P. (2011). Transitivity of preferences. Psychological Review, 118, 42-56. Awarded the inaugural Exeter Prize for Research in Experimental Economics, Decision Theory and Behavioral Economics.

Regenwetter, M., & Davis-Stober, C. P. (2011). Ternary paired comparisons induced by semi- or interval order preferences. In E. Dzhafarov, L. Perry (Eds.), Descriptive and normative approaches to human behavior. World Scientific.


Davis-Stober, C. P. (2010). A bijection between a set of lexicographic semiorders and pairs of non-crossing Dyck paths. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 54, 471-474.

Davis-Stober, C. P., Dana, J., & Budescu, D. V. (2010). Why recognition is rational: Optimality results on single-variable decision rules. Judgment and Decision Making, 5, 216-229.

Davis-Stober, C. P., Dana, J., & Budescu, D. V. (2010). A constrained linear estimator for multiple regression. Psychometrika, 75, 521-541.

Regenwetter, M., Dana, J., & Davis-Stober, C. P. (2010). Testing transitivity of preferences on two-alternative forced choice data. Frontiers in Psychology, 1, 148.


Davis-Stober, C. P. (2009). Multinomial models under linear inequality constraints: Applications to measurement theory. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 53, 1-13. Awarded the R. Duncan Luce Outstanding Paper Award from the Journal of Mathematical Psychology.

Regenwetter, M., Grofman, B., Popova, A., Messner, W., Davis-Stober, C. P., & Cavagnaro, D. R. (2009). Behavioral social choice: A status report. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 364, 833-843.

Regenwetter, M., & Davis-Stober, C. P. (2008). There are many models of transitive preference: A tutorial review and current perspective. In T. Kugler, J. C. Smith, T. Connolly, and Y. J. Son (Eds.), Decision modeling and behavior in uncertain and complex environments. New York: Springer.

Davis-Stober, C. P. (2008). Review of the book: The mathematics of behavior. Psychometrika, 73, 341.

Davis-Stober, C. P., Broomell, S., & Lorenz, F. (2006). Review of the book: Exploratory data analysis with Matlab. Psychometrika, 71, 107-108.

Rueda, M. R., Posner, M. I., Rothbart, M. K., & Davis-Stober, C. P. (2004). Development of the time course for processing conflict: An event-related potentials study with 4 year olds and adults. BioMed Central Neuroscience, 5, 39.

Lab Area